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Pendant perylene polymers with high electron mobility

Authors

  • Andreas S. Lang,

    1. Applied Functional Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Chemistry I, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstr. 30, Bayreuth, Germany
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  • Mathis-Andreas Muth,

    1. Applied Functional Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Chemistry I, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstr. 30, Bayreuth, Germany
    2. Merck Chemicals Ltd., Chilworth Technical Centre, University Parkway, Southampton, United Kingdom
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  • Christian David Heinrich,

    1. Applied Functional Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Chemistry I, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstr. 30, Bayreuth, Germany
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  • Miguel Carassco-Orozco,

    1. Merck Chemicals Ltd., Chilworth Technical Centre, University Parkway, Southampton, United Kingdom
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  • Mukundan Thelakkat

    Corresponding author
    • Applied Functional Polymers, Department of Macromolecular Chemistry I, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstr. 30, Bayreuth, Germany
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Correspondence to: M. Thelakkat (E-mail: mukundan.thelakkat@uni-bayreuth.de)

ABSTRACT

Four different perylene side-chain semiconductor polymers, synthesized by a combination of “click” chemistry and nitroxide-mediated radical polymerization, are compared in terms of their optical, electrochemical, and charge transport properties. The nature of the solubilizing side chains and the chromophoric π-conjugation system of the pendant perylene moieties are systematically changed. Two poly(perylene bisimide)s with hydrophobic (PPBI 1) and hydrophilic substituents (PPBI 2) are compared with poly(perylene diester benzimidazole) (PPDEB) and poly(perylene diester imide) (PPDEI). Optical properties are investigated by UV/vis and photoluminescence spectroscopy, and charge transport is studied by organic field effect transistor and space-charge-limited current measurements. Cyclic voltammetry is used to estimate highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital levels. The extended π-conjugation system of PPDEB leads to a broader absorption in the visible region when compared with PPDEI and the PPBIs. Although absorption properties of PPDEB could be considerably improved by varying the perylene core, the charge carrier mobility could be drastically improved by tuning the substituents. Very high electron mobilities of 1 × 10−2 cm2 V−1 s−1 were achieved for PPBI 2 carrying oligoethyleneglycol substituents. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2013, 51, 1480–1486

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