Mindfulness-based stress reduction and cancer: a meta-analysis

Authors

  • Dianne Ledesma,

    1. Department of Stress Science and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
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  • Hiroaki Kumano

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Stress Science and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
    • Department of Stress Science and Psychosomatic Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
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Abstract

Objective: This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on the mental and physical health status of various cancer patients.

Methods: Ten studies (randomized-controlled trials and observational studies) were found to be eligible for meta-analysis. Individual study results were categorized into mental and physical variables and Cohen's effect size d was computed for each category.

Results: MBSR may indeed be helpful for the mental health of cancer patients (Cohen's effect size d=0.48); however, more research is needed to show convincing evidence of the effect on physical health (Cohen's effect size d=0.18).

Conclusion: The results suggest that MBSR may improve cancer patients' psychosocial adjustment to their disease. Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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