• 1
    Hürny C, Bernhard J, Coates AS et al. Impact of adjuvant therapy on quality of life in women with node-positive operable breast cancer. Lancet 1996;347:12791284.
  • 2
    Bernhard J, Hürny C, Coates AS et al. Factors affecting baseline quality of life in two international adjuvant breast cancer trials. Br J Cancer 1998;78:686693.
  • 3
    Curran D, van-Dongen JP, Aaronson NK et al. Quality of life of early-stage breast cancer patients treated with radical mastectomy or breast-conserving procedures: results of EORTC Trial 10801. Eur J Cancer 1998;34:307314.
  • 4
    Engel J, Kerr J, Schlesinger-Raab A et al. Predictors of quality of life of breast cancer patients. Acta Oncol 2003;42:710718.
  • 5
    Härtl K, Janni W, Kästner R et al. Impact of medical and demographic factors on long-term quality of life and body image of breast cancer patients. Ann Oncol 2003;14:10641071.
  • 6
    Arndt V, Merx H, Stürmer T et al. Age-specific detriments to quality of life among breast cancer patients over one year after diagnosis. Eur J Cancer 2004;40:673680.
  • 7
    Kroenke CH, Rosner B, Chen WY et al. Functional impact of breast cancer by age at diagnosis. J Clin Oncol 2004;22:18491856.
  • 8
    Kornblith AB, Powell M, Regan MM et al. Long-term psychosocial adjustment of older vs. younger survivors of breast and endometrial cancer. Psycho-Oncology 2007;16:895903.
  • 9
    Wenzel LB, Fairclough DL, Brady MJ et al. Age-related differences in the quality of life of breast carcinoma patients after treatment. Cancer 1999;86:17681774.
  • 10
    Ell K, Nishimoto R, Morvay T et al. A longitudinal analysis of psychological adaptation among survivors of cancer. Cancer 1989;63:406413.
  • 11
    Bardwell WA, Natarajan L, Dimsdale JE et al. Objective cancer-related variables are not associated with depressive symptoms in women treated for early-stage breast cancer. J Clin Oncol 2006;24:24202427.
  • 12
    Carver CS, Smith RG, Antoni MH et al. Optimistic personality and psychosocial well-being during treatment predict psychosocial well-being among long-term survivors of breast cancer. Health Psychol 2005;24:508516.
  • 13
    Schou I, Ekeberg O, Ruland CM et al. Pessimism as a predictor of emotional morbidity one year following breast cancer surgery. Psycho-Oncology 2004;13:309320.
  • 14
    Schou I, Ekeberg O, Sandvik L et al. Multiple predictors of health-related quality of life in early stage breast cancer. Data from a year follow-up study compared with the general population. Qual Life Res 2005;14:18131823.
  • 15
    Helgeson VS, Snyder P, Seltman H. Psychological and physical adjustment to breast cancer over 4 years: identifying distinct trajectories of change. Health Psychol 2004;23:315.
  • 16
    Millar K, Purushotham AD, McLatchie E et al. A 1-year prospective study of individual variation in distress, and illness perceptions, after treatment for breast cancer. J Psychosom Res 2005;58:335342.
  • 17
    Aaronson NK, Ahmedzai S, Bergman B et al. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30: a quality-of-life instrument for use in international clinical trials in oncology. J Natl Cancer Inst 1993;85:365376.
  • 18
    McLachlan S-A, Devins GM, Goodwin PJ. Validation of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (QLQ-C30) as a measure of psychosocial function in breast cancer patients. Eur J Cancer 1998;34:510517.
  • 19
    Sprangers MAG, Groenvold M, Arraras JI et al. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Breast Cancer-Specific quality-of-life questionnaire module: first results from a three-country field study. J Clin Oncol 1996;14:27562768.
  • 20
    Omne-Ponten M, Holmberg L, Sjöden P-O. Psychosocial adjustment among women with breast cancer stages I and II: six-year follow-up of consecutive patients. J Clin Oncol 1994;12:17781782.
  • 21
    Dorval M, Maunsell E, Deschenes L et al. Long-term quality of life after breast cancer: comparison of 8-year survivors with population controls. J Clin Oncol 1998;16:486494.
  • 22
    Herschbach P, Marten-Mittag B, Henrich G. Revision und psychometrische Prüfung des Fragebogens zur Belastung von Krebskranken (FBK-R23). Z Med Psychol 2003;12:6976.
  • 23
    Herschbach P, Keller M, Knight L et al. Psychological problems of cancer patients: a cancer distress screening with a cancer-specific questionnaire. Br J Cancer 2004;91:504511.
  • 24
    Fahrenberg J, Hampel R, Selg H. FPI-R - Das Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventar (7., überarbeitete und neu normierte Auflage): Manual. Hogrefe: Göttingen, 2001.
  • 25
    Ostendorf F, Fahrenberg J. Testrezension zum Freiburger Persönlichkeitsinventar–Rev. Fass. (FPI-R). Z Differentielle Diagnostische Psychol 1997;18:8186.
  • 26
    Scholler G, Fliege H, Klapp BF. Fragebogen zu Selbstwirksamkeit, Optimismus und Pessimismus: Restrukturierung, Itemselektion und Validierung eines Instruments an Untersuchungen klinischer Stichproben. Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol 1999;49:275283.
  • 27
    Scheier MF, Carver CS. Optimism, coping and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychol 1985;4:219247.
  • 28
    Bull AA, Meyerowitz BE, Hart S et al. Quality of life in women with recurrent breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat 1999;54:4757.
  • 29
    Northouse LL, Mood D, Kershaw T et al. Quality of life of women with recurrent breast cancer and their family members. J Clin Oncol 2002;20:40504064.
  • 30
    Golden-Kreutz DM, Thornton LM, Wells-Di Gregorio S et al. Traumatic stress, perceived global stress, and life-events: prospectively predicting quality of life in breast cancer patients. Health Psychol 2005;24:288296.
  • 31
    Lazarus RS, FolkmanS. Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. Springer: New York, 1984.
  • 32
    Lasry J-CM, Margolese RG, Poisson R et al. Depression and body image following mastectomy and lumpectomy. J Chronic Dis 1987;40:529534.
  • 33
    Shimozuma K, Sonoo H, Ichihara K. Analysis of the factors influencing the quality of life of patients with advanced or recurrent breast cancer. Surg Today 1995;25:874882.
  • 34
    Golden-Kreutz DM, Andersen BL. Depressive symptoms after breast cancer surgery: relationships with global, cancer-related, and life-event stress. Psycho-Oncology 2004;13:211220.
  • 35
    Bleiker EMA, Pouwer F, van der Ploeg HM et al. Psychological distress two years after diagnosis of breast cancer: frequency and prediction. Patient Educ Couns 2000;40:209217.
  • 36
    Sugawara Y, Akechi T, Okuyama T et al. Occurrence of fatigue and associated factors in disease-free breast cancer patients without depression. Support Care Cancer 2005;13:628636.
  • 37
    Tabachnik BG, Fidell LS. Using Multivariate Statistics (5th edn.). Pearson: Boston, 2007.
  • 38
    CohenJ, CohenP, West SG et al. Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences (3rd edn.). Lawrence Erlbaum: Mahwah, NJ, 2003.
  • 39
    Ahles TA, Saykin AJ, Furstenberg CT et al. Neuropsychologic impact of standard-dose systemic chemotherapy in long-term survivors of breast cancer and lymphoma. J Clin Oncol 2002;20:485493.
  • 40
    Schagen SB, Muller MJ, Boogerd W et al. Late effects of adjuvant chemotherapy on cognitive function: a follow-up study in breast cancer patients. Ann Oncol 2002;13:13871397.
  • 41
    Harcourt DM, Rumsey NJ, Ambler NR et al. The psychological effect of mastectomy with or without breast reconstruction: a prospective, multicenter study. Plast Reconstr Surg 2003;111:10601068.
  • 42
    Dow KH, Ferrell BR, Leigh S et al. An evaluation of the quality of life among long-term survivors of breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat 1996;39:261273.
  • 43
    Arndt V, Merx H, Stegmaier C et al. Persistence of restrictions in quality of life from the first to the third year after diagnosis in women with breast cancer. J Clin Oncol 2005;23:49454953.
  • 44
    Bloom JR, Stewart SL, Chang S, Banks PJ. Then and now: quality of life of young breast cancer survivors. Psycho-Oncology 2004;13:147160.
  • 45
    Maunsell E, Brisson J, Deschenes L. Psychological distress after initial treatment of breast cancer: assessment of potential risk factors. Cancer 1992;70:120125.
  • 46
    Michielsen HJ, Van der Steeg AFW, Roukema JA, De Vries J. Personality and fatigue in patients with benign or malignant breast disease. Support Care Cancer 2007;15:10671073.
  • 47
    Herschbach P. Das ‘Zufriedenheitsparadox’ in der Lebensqualitätsforschung: Wovon hängt unser Wohlbefinden ab? Psychother Psych Med 2002;52:141150.