Factor structure of the Beck Hopelessness Scale in individuals with advanced cancer
Article first published online: 9 MAR 2009
Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 19, Issue 3, pages 255–263, March 2010
How to Cite
Nissim, R., Flora, D. B., Cribbie, R. A., Zimmermann, C., Gagliese, L. and Rodin, G. (2010), Factor structure of the Beck Hopelessness Scale in individuals with advanced cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 19: 255–263. doi: 10.1002/pon.1540
- Issue published online: 25 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 9 MAR 2009
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Revised: 10 DEC 2008
- Manuscript Received: 22 JUL 2008
- factor analysis;
- advanced illness;
Objective: Although the Beck Hopelessness Scale is often used with the seriously ill, its factor structure has been given relatively little consideration in this context.
Methods: The factor structure of this scale was examined in a sample of 406 ambulatory patients with advanced lung or gastrointestinal cancer, using a sequential exploratory-confirmatory factor analysis procedure.
Results: A two-factor model was consistent with the data: The first factor reflected a negative outlook and was labeled ‘negative expectations’; the second factor identified a sense of resignation and was labeled ‘loss of motivation.’
Conclusions: Implications regarding scoring of the scale in this population are discussed, as are implications of the two-factor structure for our understanding of hopelessness in individuals with advanced cancer. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.