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Keywords:

  • acculturation;
  • life satisfaction;
  • Hispanics;
  • spirituality;
  • quality of life

Abstract

Objective: We sought to identify the role of acculturation in the life satisfaction of Hispanic cancer survivors.

Methods: We compared life satisfaction among the high- vs low-acculturated Hispanics who participated in a national, cross-sectional study of quality of life among cancer survivors.

Results: Despite fewer socio-economic resources, low-acculturated Hispanic survivors had higher life satisfaction (Beta=5.08, p<0.05). This relationship was mediated by higher levels of social support and spirituality found among low-acculturated survivors, with spirituality being the strongest predictor (Beta=0.379, p<0.001).

Conclusions: Acculturation may provide opportunities for improved socio-economic status often necessary for adequate functioning in the host culture. However, it may also result in a departure from traditional cultural values, which in turn may negatively impact life satisfaction during cancer survivorship. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.