• 1
    Horner M, Ries L, Krapcho M et al. SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975–2006. National Cancer Institute: Bethesda, MD, 2009.
  • 2
    Ries L, Eisner M. SEER Survival Monograph: Cancer Survival Among Adults: U.S. SEER Program, 1988–2001, Patient and Tumor Characteristics, SEER Program, NIH Pub. No. 07-6215. National Cancer Institute: Bethesda, MD, 2007.
  • 3
    EBCTCG. Effects of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy for early breast cancer on recurrence and 15-year survival: an overview of the randomised trials. Lancet 2005;365:16871717.
  • 4
    Hess KR, Pusztai L, Buzdar AU, Hortobagyi GN. Estrogen receptors and distinct patterns of breast cancer relapse. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2003;78:105118.
  • 5
    Dignam JJ, Dukic V, Anderson SJ, Mamounas EP, Wickerham DL, Wolmark N. Hazard of recurrence and adjuvant treatment effects over time in lymph node-negative breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat 2009;116:595602.
  • 6
    Natarajan L, Pu M, Parker BA et al. Time-varying effects of prognostic factors associated with disease-free survival in breast cancer. Am J Epidemiol 2009;169:14631470.
  • 7
    Montazeri A, Vahdaninia M, Harirchi I, Ebrahimi M, Khaleghi F, Jarvandi S. Quality of life in patients with breast cancer before and after diagnosis: an eighteen months follow-up study. BMC Cancer 2008;8:330.
  • 8
    Montazeri A. Health-related quality of life in breast cancer patients: a bibliographic review of the literature from 1974–2007. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2008;27:32.
  • 9
    Falagas ME, Zarkadoulia EA, Ioannidou EN, Peppas G, Christodoulou C, Rafailidis PI. The effect of psychosocial factors on breast cancer outcome: a systematic review. Breast Cancer Res 2007;9:R44.
  • 10
    Grignon LM, Jameson MJ, Karnell LH, Christensen AJ, Funk GF. General health measures and long-term survival in patients with head and neck cancer. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2007;133:471476.
  • 11
    Karvonen-Gutierrez CA, Ronis DL, Fowler KE, Terrell JE, Gruber SB, Duffy SA. Quality of life scores predict survival among patients with head and neck cancer. J Clin Oncol 2008;26:27542760.
  • 12
    Myint PK, Luben RN, Surtees PG et al. Relation between self-reported physical functional health and chronic disease mortality in men and women in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC-Norfolk): a prospective population study. Ann Epidemiol 2006;16:492500.
  • 13
    Coates AS, Hurny C, Peterson HF et al. Quality-of-life scores predict outcome in metastatic but not early breast cancer. International Breast Cancer Study Group. J Clin Oncol 2000;18:37683774.
  • 14
    Efficace F, Therasse P, Piccart MJ et al. Health-related quality of life parameters as prognostic factors in a nonmetastatic breast cancer population: an international multicenter study. J Clin Oncol 2004;22:33813388.
  • 15
    Goodwin PJ, Ennis M, Bordeleau LJ et al. Health-related quality of life and psychosocial status in breast cancer prognosis: analysis of multiple variables. J Clin Oncol 2004;22:41844192.
  • 16
    Bardwell WA, Major JM, Rock CL et al. Health-related quality of life in women previously treated for early-stage breast cancer. Psychooncology 2004;13:595604.
  • 17
    Pierce JP, Faerber S, Wright FA et al. A randomized trial of the effect of a plant-based dietary pattern on additional breast cancer events and survival: the Women's Healthy Eating and Living (WHEL) Study. Control Clin Trials 2002;23:728756.
  • 18
    WHI. Women's Health Initiative. WHI Personal Habits Questionnaire. Available from: Accessed 2 September 2009.
  • 19
    Ware Jr JE, Sherbourne CD. The MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36). I. Conceptual framework and item selection. Med Care 1992;30:473483.
  • 20
    Hays RD, Morales LS. The RAND-36 measure of health-related quality of life. Ann Med 2001;33:350357.
  • 21
    Sherbourne CD, Stewart AL. The MOS social support survey. Soc Sci Med 1991;32:705714.
  • 22
    Scheier MF, Carver CS, Bridges MW. Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): a reevaluation of the Life Orientation Test. J Pers Soc Psychol 1994;67:10631078.
  • 23
    Barefoot JC, Dodge KA, Peterson BL, Dahlstrom WG, Williams Jr RB. The Cook-Medley hostility scale: item content and ability to predict survival. Psychosom Med 1989;51:4657.
  • 24
    Bardwell WA, Natarajan L, Dimsdale JE et al. Objective cancer-related variables are not associated with depressive symptoms in women treated for early-stage breast cancer. J Clin Oncol 2006;24:24202427.
  • 25
    Wassertheil-Smoller S, Shumaker S, Ockene J et al. Depression and cardiovascular sequelae in postmenopausal women. The Women's Health Initiative (WHI). Arch Intern Med 2004;164:289298.
  • 26
    Bardwell WA, Profant J, Casden DR et al. The relative importance of specific risk factors for insomnia in women treated for early-stage breast cancer. Psycho-Oncology 2008;17:918.
  • 27
    Levine DW, Kripke DF, Kaplan RM et al. Reliability and validity of the Women's Health Initiative Insomnia Rating Scale. Psychol Assess 2003;15:137148.
  • 28
    Levine DW, Kaplan RM, Kripke DF, Bowen DJ, Naughton MJ, Shumaker SA. Factor structure and measurement invariance of the Women's Health Initiative Insomnia Rating Scale. Psychol Assess 2003;15:123136.
  • 29
    Hosmer DW, Lemeshow S. Goodness-of-fit tests for the multiple logistic regression model. Commun Stat A Theory Methods 1980;9:10431069.
  • 30
    Pierce JP, Natarajan L, Caan BJ et al. Influence of a diet very high in vegetables, fruit, and fiber and low in fat on prognosis following treatment for breast cancer: the Women's Healthy Eating and Living (WHEL) randomized trial. JAMA 2007;298:289298. PMCID: 20832.
  • 31
    Morey MC, Snyder DC, Sloane R et al. Effects of home-based diet and exercise on functional outcomes among older, overweight long-term cancer survivors: RENEW: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2009;301:18831891.
  • 32
    Hammerlid E, Wirblad B, Sandin C et al. Malnutrition and food intake in relation to quality of life in head and neck cancer patients. Head Neck 1998;20:540548.
  • 33
    de Graeff A, de Leeuw JR, Ros WJ, Hordijk GJ, Blijham GH, Winnubst JA. Sociodemographic factors and quality of life as prognostic indicators in head and neck cancer. Eur J Cancer 2001;37:332339.
  • 34
    Johnson-Kozlow M, Rock CL, Gilpin EA, Hollenbach KA, Pierce JP. Validation of the WHI brief physical activity questionnaire among women diagnosed with breast cancer. Am J Health Behav 2007;31:193202.