Patient's perceived need and psychological distress and/or quality of life in ambulatory breast cancer patients in Japan
Article first published online: 11 MAY 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 20, Issue 5, pages 497–505, May 2011
How to Cite
Akechi, T., Okuyama, T., Endo, C., Sagawa, R., Uchida, M., Nakaguchi, T., Akazawa, T., Yamashita, H., Toyama, T. and Furukawa, T. A. (2011), Patient's perceived need and psychological distress and/or quality of life in ambulatory breast cancer patients in Japan. Psycho-Oncology, 20: 497–505. doi: 10.1002/pon.1757
- Issue published online: 31 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 11 MAY 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 MAR 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 18 MAR 2010
- Manuscript Received: 17 SEP 2009
- psychological distress;
- quality of life;
- supportive care
Objective: A needs assessment can be used as a direct index of what patients perceive they need help with. The purposes of this study were to investigate the association between patients' perceived needs and psychological distress and/or quality of life (QOL) and to clarify the characteristics of patients with a high degree of unmet needs.
Methods: Randomly selected ambulatory female patients with breast cancer participated in this study. The patients were asked to complete the Short-form Supportive Care Needs Survey questionnaire, which covers five domains of need (health system and information, psychological, physical, care and support, and sexuality needs); the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C 30.
Results: Complete data were available for 408 patients. The patients' needs were significantly associated with both psychological distress (r=0.63, p<0.001) and QOL (r=−0.52, p<0.001). A multiple regression analysis revealed that employment status (without full-time /part-time job), duration since diagnosis (less than 6 months), advanced stage, and a lower performance status were significantly associated with higher total needs. Only sexuality needs were significantly associated with a younger age, while the other domains were significantly associated with duration since diagnosis, advanced stage, and a lower performance status.
Conclusions: Moderate to strong associations exist between patients' needs and psychological distress and/or QOL. The characteristics associated with patients' needs are multi-factorial, and interventions to respond to patients' needs may be one possible strategy for ameliorating psychological distress and enhancing QOL. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.