Individual-level factors in colorectal cancer screening: a review of the literature on the relation of individual-level health behavior constructs and screening behavior
Version of Record online: 27 OCT 2010
Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 20, Issue 10, pages 1023–1033, October 2011
How to Cite
Kiviniemi, M. T., Bennett, A., Zaiter, M. and Marshall, J. R. (2011), Individual-level factors in colorectal cancer screening: a review of the literature on the relation of individual-level health behavior constructs and screening behavior. Psycho-Oncology, 20: 1023–1033. doi: 10.1002/pon.1865
- Issue online: 27 SEP 2011
- Version of Record online: 27 OCT 2010
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 SEP 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 10 SEP 2010
- Manuscript Received: 18 MAY 2010
- colorectal cancer screening;
- decision making;
- individual adherence;
- literature review
Objective: Compliance with colorectal cancer screening recommendations requires considerable conscious effort on the part of the individual patient, making an individual's decisions about engagement in screening an important contributor to compliance or noncompliance. The objective of this paper was to examine the effectiveness of individual-level behavior theories and their associated constructs in accounting for engagement in colorectal cancer screening behavior.
Methods: We reviewed the literature examining constructs from formal models of individual-level health behavior as factors associated with compliance with screening for colorectal cancer. All published studies examining one or more constructs from the health belief model, theory of planned behavior, transtheoretical model, or social cognitive theory and their relation to screening behavior or behavioral intentions were included in the analysis.
Results: By and large, results of studies supported the theory-based predictions for the influence of constructs on cancer screening behavior. However, the evidence base for many of these relations, especially for models other than the health belief model, is quite limited.
Conclusions: Suggestions are made for future research on individual-level determinants of colorectal cancer screening. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.