Goal adjustment, physical and sedentary activity, and well-being and health among breast cancer survivors
Article first published online: 29 JAN 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 22, Issue 3, pages 581–589, March 2013
How to Cite
Wrosch, C. and Sabiston, C. M. (2013), Goal adjustment, physical and sedentary activity, and well-being and health among breast cancer survivors. Psycho-Oncology, 22: 581–589. doi: 10.1002/pon.3037
- Issue published online: 1 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 29 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Revised: 22 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Received: 31 JUL 2011
- breast cancer;
- subjective well-being;
- physical health;
- physical activity;
- sedentary activity;
- goal adjustment
This longitudinal study examined whether goal adjustment capacities (i.e., goal disengagement and goal reengagement) would predict breast cancer survivors' emotional well-being and physical health by facilitating high levels of physical activity and low levels of sedentary activity.
Self-reports of goal adjustment capacities were measured among 176 female breast cancer survivors at baseline. Self-reports of physical activity, sedentary activity, daily affect, and daily physical health symptoms (e.g., nausea or pain) were measured at baseline and 3-month follow-up.
Goal reengagement predicted high levels of positive affect and low levels of physical symptoms at baseline and increases in positive affect over 3 months. The combination of high goal disengagement and high goal reengagement was associated with particularly large 3-month increases in positive affect. The effects of goal reengagement on baseline affect and physical health were mediated by high baseline levels of physical activity, and the interaction effect on 3-month changes in positive affect was mediated by low baseline levels of sedentary activity.
Goal adjustment capacities can exert beneficial effects on breast cancer survivors' well-being and physical health by facilitating adaptive levels of physical and sedentary activity. Integrating goal adjustment processes into clinical practice may be warranted. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.