Presented in part at the 11th European Conference of Traumatic Stress (ECOTS) of the European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS), Oslo, 15–18 June 2009.
Posttraumatic stress in infants and preschoolers with cancer†
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 22, Issue 7, pages 1543–1548, July 2013
How to Cite
Graf, A., Bergstraesser, E. and Landolt, M. A. (2013), Posttraumatic stress in infants and preschoolers with cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 22: 1543–1548. doi: 10.1002/pon.3164
- Issue published online: 5 JUL 2013
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 31 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 9 JAN 2012
- Oncosuisse. Grant Number: Grant No. OCS-01844-2006
- Claus Cramer Foundation
- pediatric oncology;
- posttraumatic stress;
- young children;
This study is the first to assess posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in young children with cancer and to examine individual, medical, and parent-related determinants.
Forty-eight patients with cancer, ages 8–48 months, were assessed in an average of 15 months after their diagnosis, using mothers as informants to complete the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Semi-Structured Interview and Observational Record for Infants and Young Children. Additionally, mothers and the attending pediatric oncologist completed questionnaires on various determinants of child PTSD.
Nine children (18.8%) met the age-appropriate criteria for full PTSD proposed by Scheeringa et al., and 20 children (41.7%) met criteria for partial PTSD. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that higher child age at diagnosis (odds ratio = 1.11) and maternal PTSD severity (odds ratio = 1.14) increased the risk of full or partial PTSD in children.
This study provides evidence for a substantial prevalence of PTSD in young children with cancer and identifies important risk factors. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.