A systematic review and meta-analysis of psychosocial interventions for couples coping with cancer

Authors


  • This article was published online on October 9, 2012. Errors were subsequently identified. This notice is included in the online and print versions to indicate that both have been corrected [April 5, 2013].

Correspondence to: Oncological Sciences, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA. E-mail: hoda.badr@mssm.edu

Abstract

Objective

Quality of life (QOL) is a multidimensional construct that includes physical, psychological, and relationship well-being.

Methods

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies published between 1980 and 2012 of interventions conducted with both cancer patients and their partners that were aimed at improving QOL. Using bibliographic software and manual review, two independent raters reviewed 752 articles with a systematic process for reconciling disagreement, yielding 23 articles for systematic review and 20 for meta-analysis.

Results

Most studies were conducted in breast and prostate cancer populations. Study participants (N = 2645) were primarily middle aged (mean = 55 years old) and white (84%). For patients, the weighted average effect size (g) across studies was 0.25 (95% CI = 0.12–0.32) for psychological outcomes (17 studies), 0.31 (95% CI = 0.11–0.50) for physical outcomes (12 studies), and 0.28 (95% CI = 0.14–0.43) for relationship outcomes (10 studies). For partners, the weighted average effect size was 0.21 (95% CI = 0.08–0.34) for psychological outcomes (12 studies) and 0.24 (95% CI = 0.6–0.43) for relationship outcomes (7 studies).

Conclusion

Therefore, couple-based interventions had small but beneficial effects in terms of improving multiple aspects of QOL for both patients and their partners. Questions remain regarding when such interventions should be delivered and for how long. Identifying theoretically based mediators and key features that distinguish couple-based from patient-only interventions may help strengthen their effects on patient and partner QOL. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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