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Keywords:

  • Biomarkers;
  • Biomarker qualification (clinical validation);
  • Biomarker verification (analytical validation);
  • MRM-MS;
  • Quantification

Abstract

Proteomics holds great promise in personalized medicine for cancer in the post-genomic era. In the past decade, clinical proteomics has significantly evolved in terms of technology development, optimization and standardization, as well as in advanced bioinformatics data integration and analysis. Great strides have been made for characterizing a large number of proteins qualitatively and quantitatively in a proteome, including the use of sample fractionation, protein microarrays and MS. It is believed that differential proteomic analysis of high-quality clinical biospecimen (tissue and biofluids) can potentially reveal protein/peptide biomarkers responsible for cancer by means of their altered levels of expression and/or PTMs. Multiple reaction monitoring, a multiplexed platform using stable isotope dilution-MS with sensitivity and reproducibility approaching that of traditional ELISAs commonly used in the clinical setting, has emerged as a potentially promising technique for next-generation high-throughput protein biomarker measurements for diagnostics and therapeutics.