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Keywords:

  • Ballooning hepatocyte;
  • Liver fibrosis;
  • Mac-2bp/90K;
  • N-glycan;
  • NASH/NAFLD

Purpose

Mac-2 binding protein (Mac-2bp) is one of the major fucosylated glycoproteins, which we identified with glycol-proteomic analyses. We previously reported that fucosylated glycoproteins are secreted into bile, but scarcely secreted into sera in normal liver and hypothesized that the fucosylation-based sorting machinery would be disrupted in ballooning hepatocytes due to the loss of cellular polarity. In the present study, we investigated the availability of Mac-2bp for differential diagnosis of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) from nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as a biomarker.

Experimental design

Serum Mac-2bp levels were determined with our developed ELISA kit. Our cohort of 127 patients with NAFLD had liver biopsy to make a histological diagnosis of NASH and simple fatty liver.

Results

Mac-2bp levels were significantly elevated in NASH patients compared with non-NASH (simple steatosis) patients (2.132 ± 1.237 vs. 1.103 ± 0.500 μg/mL, p < 0.01). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve for predicting NASH by Mac-2bp was 0.816. Moreover, multivariate logistic regression analyses showed Mac-2bp levels could predict the fibrosis stage and the presence of ballooning hepatocytes in NAFLD patients.

Conclusions and clinical relevance

These results support the potential usefulness of measuring Mac-2bp levels in clinical practice as a biomarker for NASH.