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Binary Flash Compositions – A Theoretical and Practical Study

Authors

  • Thomas M. Klapötke,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, Energetic Materials Research, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Butenandtstr. 5–13 (D), 81377 München, Germany
    • Department of Chemistry, Energetic Materials Research, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Butenandtstr. 5–13 (D), 81377 München, Germany
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  • F. Xaver Steemann,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Energetic Materials Research, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Butenandtstr. 5–13 (D), 81377 München, Germany
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  • Muhammad Suceska

    1. NTU – Chemistry, Energetics Research Institute, Singapore 639798, Singapore
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Abstract

Flash compositions are a class of pyrotechnic effect compositions used in firecrackers as well as in military applications. They are widely recognized as perhaps the most dangerous pyrotechnic compositions. This study investigates binary flash compositions containing aluminum and (per)chlorate oxidizers. The sensitivities of binary flash compositions are measured, their explosive power is compared using micro-scale ballistic mortar testing, and their detonation parameters are calculated using the EXPLO5 code.

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