A novel method of generating prostate cancer metastases from orthotopic implants

Authors


Abstract

BACKGROUND

Spontaneous metastasis following implantation at the orthotopic site is a highly desired feature in prostate cancer (CaP) models, since it would enable studies of mechanisms associated with tumor cell dissemination.

METHODS

LuCaP 23.8 and LuCaP 35, hormone-sensitive CaP xenografts that express PSA and the wild-type androgen receptor, were grown orthotopically in SCID mice. When tumor volumes reached ∼250–500 mg, primary tumors were removed to allow micrometastases to grow.

RESULTS

Using this procedure we generated macroscopic metastases (>20 mg) in 71% (LuCaP 23.8) and 100% (LuCaP 35) of animals, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS

These models may be used to evaluate new treatment modalities and study mechanisms associated with development of metastases. Prostate 56: 110–114, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Ancillary