Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at chromosome 13q has been frequently detected in prostate cancer, and three regions (i.e., 13q14, 13q21, and 13q33) may harbor tumor suppressor genes important in this neoplasm. In this study, we examined the frequency of 13q LOH in advanced prostate cancers, in order to determine the clinicopathologic relevance of 13q LOH.
LOH was determined by analyzing microsatellite markers in 41 cases of microdissected predominantly high grade prostate cancer tissues and their matched nonneoplastic cells. The results were compared with those generated previously for lower grade, asymptomatic cancers.
The frequencies of LOH at 13q14, 13q21, and 13q33 were 62% (21/34), 57% (20/35), and 34% (11/32), respectively. In comparison to previous results, LOH at 13q14 and 13q21 but not 13q33 was more frequent in prostate cancers that produced local clinical symptoms (bladder outlet obstruction) than those that did not (P < 0.05). LOH at 13q14 was also significantly more frequent in high grade and high stage cancers than those that were lower grade and lower stage (P < 0.05).
Although the target genes on 13q have not been identified in carcinomas of the prostate, LOH at 13q14 in particular is associated with clinically significant prostate cancers. Further fine mapping of these loci may lead to identification of tumor suppressor genes that are deleted in aggressive carcinomas of the prostate. Prostate 49:166–171, 2001. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.