C/EBPδ is a downstream mediator of IL-6 induced growth inhibition of prostate cancer cells

Authors

  • Daniel C. Sanford,

    1. Department of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    2. Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
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  • James W. DeWille

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    2. Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Graduate Program, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    3. Division of Molecular Biology and Cancer Genetics, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
    • Department of Veterinary Biosciences, The Ohio State University, 1925 Coffey Road, Columbus, OH 43210.
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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although a number of reports have investigated the effects of IL-6 family cytokines on prostate cell growth, there is limited information available identifying IL-6 inducible downstream effector genes and their function in growth control. Previous studies have demonstrated that IL-6 treatment results in the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription3 (STAT3) in prostate cancer cells. The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of IL-6 treatment and activation of the Jak/STAT signal transduction pathway on C/EBPδ gene expression and growth inhibition of human prostate cancer cells.

METHODS

Expression of C/EBPδ and STAT3 activation were assayed using Northern and Western blotting techniques. Proliferation was assessed by [3H] thymidine incorporation, flow cytometry, and colony formation analyses. The analysis of the transcriptional regulation of C/EBPδ was performed using luciferase-reporter constructs.

RESULTS

In this report, we demonstrate that IL-6 treatment induces STAT3 activation (pSTAT3), pSTAT3 binds to the human C/EBPδ gene promoter and induces its expression. We also demonstrate that C/EBPδ over-expression is capable of suppressing prostate cancer cell growth.

CONCLUSIONS

These results demonstrate that C/EBPδ gene expression is increased in IL-6 treated LNCaP cells. Increased C/EBPδ gene expression plays an important role in IL-6/STAT3 mediated growth arrest of LNCaP prostate cancer cells. Ongoing studies are investigating the mechanism by which C/EBPδ controls prostate cancer cell growth and the potential role of C/EBPδ in the survival and chemo resistance of prostate cancer metastasis. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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