Phase 3 clinical trial investigating the effect of selenium supplementation in men at high-risk for prostate cancer
Article first published online: 10 AUG 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 73, Issue 3, pages 328–335, 15 February 2013
How to Cite
Algotar, A. M., Stratton, M. S., Ahmann, Frederick. R., Ranger-Moore, J., Nagle, R. B., Thompson, P. A., Slate, E., Hsu, C. H., Dalkin, B. L., Sindhwani, P., Holmes, M. A., Tuckey, J. A., Graham, David. L., Parnes, H. L., Clark, L. C. and Stratton, S. P. (2013), Phase 3 clinical trial investigating the effect of selenium supplementation in men at high-risk for prostate cancer. Prostate, 73: 328–335. doi: 10.1002/pros.22573
- Issue published online: 22 JAN 2013
- Article first published online: 10 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 10 MAY 2012
- National Cancer Institute. Grant Numbers: PHS CA077789, PHS 023074
- prostate cancer;
- selenium supplementation
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Se supplementation on prostate cancer incidence in men at high risk for prostate cancer.
A Phase 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in 699 men at high risk for prostate cancer (prostate specific antigen (PSA) >4 ng/ml and/or suspicious digital rectal examination and/or PSA velocity >0.75 ng/ml/year), but with a negative prostate biopsy. Participants were randomized to receive daily oral placebo (N = 232), 200 µg selenium (N = 234), or 400 µg selenium (N = 233) as selenized yeast. They were followed every 6 months for up to 5 years. The time to diagnosis of prostate cancer was compared between treatment groups using the Cox proportional hazards model.
Compared to placebo, the hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals] for risk of developing prostate cancer in the selenium 200 µg/day or the selenium 400 µg/day group were 0.94 [0.52, 1.7] and 0.90 [0.48, 1.7], respectively. PSA velocity in the selenium arms was not significantly different from that observed in the placebo group (P = 0.18 and P = 0.17, respectively).
Selenium supplementation appeared to have no effect on the incidence of prostate cancer in men at high risk. In conjunction with results of other studies, these data indicate that selenium supplementation may not have a role in prostate cancer chemoprevention. Prostate 73: 328–335, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.