MALDI MS profiling of post-DRE urine samples highlights the potential of β-microseminoprotein as a marker for prostatic diseases
Article first published online: 30 SEP 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 74, Issue 1, pages 103–111, January 2014
How to Cite
Flatley, B., Wilmott, K. G., Malone, P. and Cramer, R. (2014), MALDI MS profiling of post-DRE urine samples highlights the potential of β-microseminoprotein as a marker for prostatic diseases. Prostate, 74: 103–111. doi: 10.1002/pros.22736
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 30 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 9 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Received: 2 JUL 2013
- MALDI MS;
- prostatic diseases;
To use spectra acquired by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry (MS) from pre- and post-digital rectal examination (DRE) urine samples to search for discriminating peaks that can adequately distinguish between benign and malignant prostate conditions, and identify the peaks' underlying biomolecules.
Twenty-five participants with prostate cancer (PCa) and 27 participants with a variety of benign prostatic conditions as confirmed by a 10-core tissue biopsy were included. Pre- and post-DRE urine samples were prepared for MALDI MS profiling using an automated clean-up procedure. Following mass spectra collection and processing, peak mass and intensity were extracted and subjected to statistical analysis to identify peaks capable of distinguishing between benign and cancer. Logistic regression was used to combine markers to create a sensitive and specific test.
A peak at m/z 10,760 was identified as β-microseminoprotein (β-MSMB) and found to be statistically lower in urine from PCa participants using the peak's average areas. By combining serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels with MALDI MS-measured β-MSMB levels, optimum threshold values obtained from Receiver Operator characteristics curves gave an increased sensitivity of 96% at a specificity of 26%.
These results demonstrate that with a simple sample clean-up followed by MALDI MS profiling, significant differences of MSMB abundance were found in post-DRE urine samples. In combination with PSA serum levels, obtained from a classic clinical assay led to high classification accuracy for PCa in the studied sample set. Our results need to be validated in a larger multicenter prospective randomized clinical trial. Prostate 74:103–111, 2014. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.