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Docking and scoring protein complexes: CAPRI 3rd Edition

Authors

  • Marc F. Lensink,

    1. Centre de Biologie Structurale et Bioinformatique, CP 263, BC6, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Blvd du Triomphe, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
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  • Raúl Méndez,

    1. Service de Conformation de Macromolécules Biologiques, et Bioinformatique, CP 263, BC6, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Blvd du Triomphe, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
    2. Grup Biomatemàtic de Recerca, Institut de Neurociències, Unitat de Bioestadística, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat Autonòma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
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  • Shoshana J. Wodak

    Corresponding author
    1. Structural Biology Program, Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Av. Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X8
    2. Department of Biochemistry, University of Toronto, Toronto Ontario, Canada
    • Centre for Computational Biology, Room 1300, 180 Dundas St. W., Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1X8
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Abstract

The performance of methods for predicting protein–protein interactions at the atomic scale is assessed by evaluating blind predictions performed during 2005–2007 as part of Rounds 6–12 of the community-wide experiment on Critical Assessment of PRedicted Interactions (CAPRI). These Rounds also included a new scoring experiment, where a larger set of models contributed by the predictors was made available to groups developing scoring functions. These groups scored the uploaded set and submitted their own best models for assessment. The structures of nine protein complexes including one homodimer were used as targets. These targets represent biologically relevant interactions involved in gene expression, signal transduction, RNA, or protein processing and membrane maintenance. For all the targets except one, predictions started from the experimentally determined structures of the free (unbound) components or from models derived by homology, making it mandatory for docking methods to model the conformational changes that often accompany association. In total, 63 groups and eight automatic servers, a substantial increase from previous years, submitted docking predictions, of which 1994 were evaluated here. Fifteen groups submitted 305 models for five targets in the scoring experiment. Assessment of the predictions reveals that 31 different groups produced models of acceptable and medium accuracy-but only one high accuracy submission-for all the targets, except the homodimer. In the latter, none of the docking procedures reproduced the large conformational adjustment required for correct assembly, underscoring yet again that handling protein flexibility remains a major challenge. In the scoring experiment, a large fraction of the groups attained the set goal of singling out the correct association modes from incorrect solutions in the limited ensembles of contributed models. But in general they seemed unable to identify the best models, indicating that current scoring methods are probably not sensitive enough. With the increased focus on protein assemblies, in particular by structural genomics efforts, the growing community of CAPRI predictors is engaged more actively than ever in the development of better scoring functions and means of modeling conformational flexibility, which hold promise for much progress in the future. Proteins 2007. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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