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Keywords:

  • laminin;
  • N-terminal domains;
  • disulfide bonds;
  • chemical cross-linking;
  • mass spectrometry;
  • computational modeling

Abstract

Basement membranes are thin extracellular protein layers, which separate endothelial and epithelial cells from the underlying connecting tissue. The main noncollagenous components of basement membranes are laminins, trimeric glycoproteins, which form polymeric networks by interactions of their N-terminal (LN) domains; however, no high-resolution structure of laminin LN domains exists so far. To construct models for laminin β1 and γ1 LN domains, 14 potentially suited template structures were determined using fold recognition methods. For each target/template-combination comparative models were created with Rosetta. Final models were selected based on their agreement with experimentally obtained distance constraints from natural cross-links, that is, disulfide bonds as well as chemical cross-links obtained from reactions with two amine-reactive cross-linkers. We predict that laminin β1 and γ1 LN domains share the galactose-binding domain-like fold.Proteins 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.