Engineering a soluble parathyroid hormone GPCR mimetic



We designed and characterized a soluble mimic of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) receptor (PTH1R) that incorporates the N-terminus and third extracellular loop of PTH1R, important for ligand binding. The engineered receptor (PTH1R-NE3) was conceived to enable easy production and the use of standard biochemical and biophysical assays for the screening of competitive antagonists of PTH. We show that PTH1R-NE3 is folded, thermodynamically stable and selectively binds PTH. We also demonstrate the utility of our mimic by identifying a small molecule that competes with PTH in our PTH1R-NE3-based fluorescence polarization assay. Antagonists to PTH1R, a transmembrane protein belonging to the class B G-protein coupled receptor family, may provide new therapeutic options for calcium metabolism diseases like humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. Proteins 2014; 82:1370–1375. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.