An analysis of possible tight packing of hydrophobic groups simultaneously at the both surfaces of β-hyperboloid-8 was conducted. This analysis shows that the disposition of amino acid side chains at the real β-structure's surface is unique. If we sign the mean distance between adjacent β-strands as “a,” and the mean distance along β-strand between Cα atoms, whose side chains are directed to one side of the β-sheet, as “b,” the ratio b/a = √2 very precisely. This ratio ensures the most efficient packing of side hydrophobic groups at the outer surface of β-hyperboloid-8, forming, at the same time, the second by efficiency packing at its inner surface. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.