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Keywords:

  • ATEX;
  • explosion safety;
  • labor safety;
  • explosive atmospheres;
  • gas and dust explosions

Abstract

On July 1, 2003 a transitional period has ended and two European directives became fully active:

  • Directive 1999/92/EC

  • Directive 94/9/EC

These directives have an impact on companies with an explosion hazard (gas, vapor, mist, or dust explosions) and on manufacturers of equipment intended to be used in explosive atmospheres. The directives were incorporated into the national law of each member state of the European Union. These regulations are examples of achieving a common European market. In this article, the background of the European Directives will be discussed and the impact on the users. © 2007 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Process Saf Prog 2008