This article was originally presented at the 8th Global Congress on Process Safety Houston, Texas, on April 1–4, 2012.
Study on performance-based safety spacing between ultra-large oil tanks†
Article first published online: 5 OCT 2012
Copyright © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE)
Process Safety Progress
Volume 31, Issue 4, pages 398–401, December 2012
How to Cite
Yifei, M., Dongfeng, Z., Yi, L. and Wendong, W. (2012), Study on performance-based safety spacing between ultra-large oil tanks. Proc. Safety Prog., 31: 398–401. doi: 10.1002/prs.11526
- Issue published online: 14 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 5 OCT 2012
- Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities. Grant Number: 27R1204017A
- safety spacing;
- ultra-large oil tank;
At present, storage capacities of single tank and tank farm have been greatly increasing. This change poses a real challenge for the applicability of current design standards. This article focuses on the applicability of safety spacing between tanks, which is one of the most important parameters of tank farm safety design. Taking PHAST and FDS as main research tools, the consequences of representative accidental scenarios were evaluated for different sizes of oil tanks to study the safety performance change caused by the increase of capability. The research results show that, when current standards are used to design the safety spacing between tanks, the safety performance increases as the capability increases. Considering the high property density, it is suggested that a higher safety performance objective has to be chosen when designing the safety spacing for ultra-large oil tanks. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Process Saf Prog, 2012.