Application of incident command system in emergency response


  • The article was originally presented at 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, Houston, TX, April 1–4, 20122


The Incident Command System (ICS) is a standardized approach typically structured into five functional areas: command, operations, planning, logistics, and finance. The system allows for the integration of personnel, facilities, equipment, procedures, and communications within an organizational structure. It is a mature system and has been used by industries for a long time to aid in the proper mitigation of industrial incidents. The course named “Hazardous Materials Incident Management” is taught in the Department of Fire Protection & Safety at Oklahoma State University, which is designed to prepare students to manage hazardous materials emergencies through extensive hands-on trainings. This article shows three design scenarios and how the ICS procedures are applied by student teams during the field trainings. Emergency response can be safely and effectively accomplished only when procedures are established and standardized through appropriate training. The discussion will help the academia and industry to well prepare/train the next generation of both public and private sector emergencyresponse personnel. © 2012 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Process Saf Prog, 2012