Brittle fracture of a high pressure heat exchanger


  • P. G. Snyder

    1. Chevron Corporation, Engineering Technology Department, Richmond, California
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    • Philip Snyder graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1957 with a degree in chemical engineering. After a tour in the Army, he joined Chevron Corporation where he is currently a senior project manager overseeing a major capital project in one of Chevron's refineries. Previous Chevron assignments included refinery chief engineer, design and technical division manager, and process consultant.


The lesson from the E-440 incident is that we must establish minimum pressurizing temperatures for all heavy-wall equipment, not just reactors. We must also exercise care in the design of new equipment and modifications plus repairs to existing equipment.