Health and safety aspects of thin-film photovoltaic cell manufacturing technologies

Authors

  • V. M. Fthenakis,

    1. Biomedical and Environmental Assessment Division, Department of Applied Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Associated Universities, Inc., Upton, NY
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    • Vasilis M. Fthenakis is a Research Engineer with Brookhaven National Laboratory since 1980, where he has pursued work on health, safety and environmental issues, hazard evaluation, risk analysis, mathematical modeling, and theoretical feasibility, of energy systems. Current research is focused on toxic gas release prevention and control. Before joining BNL he worked as a research assistant in the Catalysis Laboratory of Columbia University where he was responsible for modeling catalytic chemical reactions, and as a project engineer in the Fossil Fuels Laboratory assisting the development of coal-biomass gasification process. He holds a M.S. in Chemistry from the University of Athens, Greece, a M.S. in Chemical Engineering from Columbia University, and is currently working on his Ph.D. dissertation on control of accidental releases of toxic gases. V. M. Fthenakis is a member of the AIChE Safety and Health Division and the International Solar Energy Society. He has written more than 30 publications on solar thermal, and industrial environmental and safety risk-assessment, and acts as a paper reviewer for several journals in these fields.

  • P. D. Moskowitz

    1. Biomedical and Environmental Assessment Division, Department of Applied Science, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Associated Universities, Inc., Upton, NY
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    • Paul D. Moskowitz is an Environmental Health Scientist and Principal Investigator at Brookhaven National Laboratory where he specializes in developing environmental, health and safety evaluations for different energy and industrial systems. He has published more than 100 papers on these topics. His work is supported by private, federal (e.g., the U.S. Department of Energy and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) and international (e.g., United Nations Environment Programme) organizations. Paul is also Software Editor for the Journal of Risk Analysis. Prior to joining Brookhaven in 1977, Paul worked for the Environmental Defense Fund in its water and toxic chemicals programs. He holds an M.S. from the State University of New York at Stony Brook (1973) and B.A. from the State University of New York at Oswego (1971).


Abstract

Production of thin-film photovoltaic cells entails extensive handling of toxic and flammable, or explosive materials. Large scale manufacture of these photovoltaic cells may present potential health and safety hazards to workers and the public. Hazards to occupational and public health related to the toxicity and explosiveness of several feedstock gases are evaluated and safety and control options are presented.

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