Strigolactones: ecological significance and use as a target for parasitic plant control

Authors

  • Juan A López-Ráez,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
    2. Plant Research International, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Radoslava Matusova,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Catarina Cardoso,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Muhammad Jamil,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Tatsiana Charnikhova,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Wouter Kohlen,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Carolien Ruyter-Spira,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Francel Verstappen,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
    2. Plant Research International, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
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  • Harro Bouwmeester

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Wageningen University, Arboretumlaan 4, 6703 BD Wageningen, The Netherlands
    2. Plant Research International, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
    • Plant Research International, PO Box 16, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Abstract

Parasitic weeds cause severe damage to important agricultural crops. Although some promising control methods against these parasitic plants have been developed, new strategies continue to be relevant in integrated approaches. The life cycle for root parasitic weeds is intimately associated with their host and is a suitable target for such new control strategies, particularly when directed at the early stages of the host–parasite interaction. Here, the authors focus on knowledge of the germination stimulants—strigolactones—for the root parasitic plants Striga and Orobanche spp. and discuss their biosynthetic origin, ecological significance and physiological and biochemical regulation. In addition, the existing and possible new control strategies that are based on this knowledge, and that could lead to more efficient control methods against these root parasitic weeds, are reviewed. Copyright © 2008 Society of Chemical Industry

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