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Keywords:

  • Spodoptera exigua;
  • chlorantraniliprole;
  • resistance;
  • heritability;
  • Rynaxypyr

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a major pest of numerous cultivated crops. Chlorantraniliprole, the first commercialised ryanodine receptor insecticide from the anthranilic diamide class, has exceptional insecticidal activity on a range of lepidopteran pests. The aim of this study was to assess the resistance of S. exigua to chlorantraniliprole in the laboratory.

RESULTS: A field-collected population of S. exigua was selected after repeated exposure to chlorantraniliprole to determine the risk of resistance evolution. After 22 generations of selection, there was a 12.0-fold increase in LC50. The realised heritability (h2) of resistance was estimated as 0.1082 by using threshold trait analysis. The projected rate of resistance evolution indicated that, if h2 = 0.1082 and 70% of the population was killed at each generation, then a tenfold increase in LC50 would be expected in 21.7 generations for chlorantraniliprole.

CONCLUSION: These results show that the risk of resistance development to chlorantraniliprole exists in S. exigua after continuous application. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry