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What have the mechanisms of resistance to glyphosate taught us?

Authors

  • Dale L Shaner,

    Corresponding author
    1. Water Management Research, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, CO, USA
    • Water Management Research, Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Building D, 2150 Centre Ave., Fort Collins, CO 08526, USA.
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  • Richard Bradley Lindenmeyer,

    1. Department of Bioagricultural Science and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
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  • Michael H Ostlie

    1. Department of Bioagricultural Science and Pest Management, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
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Abstract

The intensive use of glyphosate alone to manage weeds has selected populations that are glyphosate resistant. The three mechanisms of glyphosate resistance that have been elucidated are (1) target-site mutations, (2) gene amplification and (3) altered translocation due to sequestration. What have we learned from the selection of these mechanisms, and how can we apply those lessons to future herbicide-resistant crops and new mechanisms of action? First, the diversity of glyphosate resistance mechanisms has helped further our understanding of the mechanism of action of glyphosate and advanced our knowledge of plant physiology. Second, the relatively rapid evolution of glyphosate-resistant weed populations provides further evidence that no herbicide is invulnerable to resistance. Third, as new herbicide-resistant crops are developed and new mechanisms of action are discovered, the weed science community needs to ensure that we apply the lessons we have learned on resistance management from the experience with glyphosate. Every new weed management system must be evaluated during development for its potential to select for resistance, and stewardship programs should be in place when the new program is introduced. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry

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