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Keywords:

  • Mycosphaerella graminicola;
  • epidemiology;
  • wheat varietal resistance;
  • fungicide efficiency;
  • DMI-resistant genotypes;
  • real-time PCR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Sterol 14α-demethylase inhibitors (DMIs) have been widely used for more than 20 years against wheat Septoria leaf blotch. However, resistance towards DMIs has increased in recent years. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of fungicide timing and persistence and wheat resistance varietal on Mycosphaerella graminicola and its DMI-resistant genotypes.

RESULTS

Using qPCR, M. graminicola was detected 2 weeks later in the resistant cultivar than in the susceptible cultivar. A high proportion of DMI-moderate resistant genotypes (≥94%) was found in all samples, with an average of 74.2, 0.1 and 19.7% for R6, R7− and R7+ genotypes, respectively. Distribution of DMI-resistant genotypes was neither affected by different wheat cultivars nor by analysis dates. Electron microscopy coupled with qPCR analysis showed that the DMI fungicide prothioconazole had a significant inhibitive effect against spore germination and post-germination. However, the preventive treatment was the most effective, but it was affected strongly by fungicide persistence.

CONCLUSION

Preventive fungicide applications are more effective against Septoria leaf blotch than the curative treatments, so persistence and wheat varietal resistance should be taken into account in the management of this disease. It would seem that none of the studied factors affect the frequency of DMI-resistant genotypes. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry