Host suitability comparison between the MEAM1 and AsiaII 1 cryptic species of Bemisia tabaci in cotton-growing zones of Pakistan

Authors


Abstract

BACKGROUND

Bemisia tabaci is a cryptic species complex. In Pakistan, members of the complex, MEAM1 and AsiaII 1, are the predominant species infesting cotton. The biology of the two on cotton, collard, cucumber and tomato was studied.

RESULTS

In all cases there were significant interactions between species and host. MEAM1 developmental periods did not differ significantly across hosts, whereas AsiaII 1 developed more slowly on vegetables than on cotton. MEAM1 survival was highest on tomato (53.5 ± 1.1%), while AsiaII 1 survived best on cotton (67.3 ± 11.6%). MEAM1 longevity and fecundity were highest on tomato (14.7 ± 1.7 days and 82.4 ± 9.9 eggs), while AsiaII 1 longevity and fecundity were highest on cotton (23.7 ± 2.5 days and 135.2 ± 13.6 eggs). The MEAM1 intrinsic rates of increase (rm) on cotton and vegetable were similar (0.08–0.10), whereas the AsiaII 1 rm on cotton (0.15) was higher than on vegetables (0.11–0.13). The biology of MEAM1 from Pakistan was compared with published studies; it had a consistently slower rate of development, lower percentage survival, lower adult longevity, longer generation time, lower net reproductive rate and lower rm.

CONCLUSIONS

MEAM1 performed similarly across all hosts, whereas AsiaII 1 performed better on cotton. The comparison between the Pakistani MEAM1 with published studies suggests that the invasive MEAM1 may have higher performance. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry

Ancillary