Synthesis, radiolabeling, and preclinical evaluation of a new octreotide analog for somatostatin receptor-positive tumor scintigraphy

Authors

  • Kakali De,

    1. Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology (Nuclear Medicine Division), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) – Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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  • Arijit Bhowmik,

    1. Department of Cancer and Cell Biology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) - Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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  • Ashok Behera,

    1. Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology (Nuclear Medicine Division), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) – Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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  • Indranil Banerjee,

    1. Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology (Nuclear Medicine Division), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) – Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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  • Mrinal Kanti Ghosh,

    1. Department of Cancer and Cell Biology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) - Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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  • Mridula Misra

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology (Nuclear Medicine Division), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) – Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Mridula Misra, Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology (Nuclear Medicine Division), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)–Indian Institute of Chemical Biology (IICB), 4 Raja S C Mullick Road, Kolkata, 700032, West Bengal, India. E-mail: mridulamisra@iicb.res.in

Abstract

Radiolabeled somatostatin analogs have become powerful tools in the diagnosis and staging of neuroendocrine tumors, which express somatostatin receptors. The aim of this study was to evaluate a new somatostatin analog, 6-hydrazinopyridine-3-carboxylic acid-Ser3-octreotate (HYNIC-SATE) radiolabeled with 99mTc, using ethylenediamine-N,N′-diacetic acid and tricine as coligands, to be used as a radiopharmaceutical for the in vivo imaging of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2)-positive tumor. Synthesis of the peptide was carried out on a solid phase using a standard Fmoc strategy. Peptide conjugate affinities for SSTR2 were determined by receptor binding affinity on rat brain cortex and C6 cell membranes. Internalization rate of 99mTc-HYNIC-SATE was studied in SSTR2-expressing C6 cells that were used for intracranial tumor studies in rat brain. A reproducible in vivo C6 glioma model was developed in Sprague–Dawley rat and confirmed by histopathology and immunohistochemical analysis. Biodistribution and imaging properties of this new radiopeptide were also studied in C6 tumor-bearing rats. Radiolabeling was performed at high specific activities, with a radiochemical purity of >96%. Peptide conjugate showed high affinity binding for SSTR2 (HYNIC-SATE IC50 = 1.60 ± 0.05 n m) and specific internalization into rat C6 cells. After administration of 99mTc-HYNIC-SATE in C6 glioma-bearing rats, a receptor specific uptake of radioactivity was observed in SSTR-positive organs and in the implanted intracranial tumor and rapid excretion from nontarget tissues via kidneys.

99mTc-HYNIC-SATE is a new receptor-specific radiopeptide for targeting SSTR2-positive brain tumor and might be of great promise in the scintigraphy of SSTR2-positive tumors. Copyright © 2012 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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