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Antitumor efficacy, pharmacokinetic and biodistribution studies of the anticancer peptide CIGB-552 in mouse models



Accumulation of the COMMD1 protein as a druggable pharmacology event to target cancer cells has not been evaluated so far in cancer animal models. We have previously demonstrated that a second-generation peptide, with cell-penetrating capacity, termed CIGB-552, was able to induce apoptosis mediated by stabilization of COMMD1. Here, we explore the antitumor effect by subcutaneous administration of CIGB-552 in a therapeutic schedule. Outstandingly, a significant delay of tumor growth was observed at 0.2 and 0.7 mg/kg (p < 0.01) or 1.4 mg/kg (p < 0.001) after CIGB-552 administration in both syngeneic murine tumors and patient-derived xenograft models. Furthermore, we evidenced that 131I-CIGB-552 peptide was actually accumulated in the tumors after administration by subcutaneous route. A typical serine-proteases degradation pattern for CIGB-552 in BALB/c mice serum was identified. Further, biological characterization of the main metabolites of the peptide CIGB-552 suggests that the cell-penetrating capacity plays an important role in the cytotoxic activity. This report is the first in describing the antitumor effect induced by systemic administration of a peptide that targets COMMD1 for stabilization. Moreover, our data reinforce the perspectives of CIGB-552 for cancer targeted therapy. Copyright © 2014 European Peptide Society and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.