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Keywords:

  • 61.43.Gt;
  • 68.43.Fg;
  • 78.30.Ly;
  • 81.05.Rm;
  • 81.65.Mq;
  • 82.45.Vp;
  • 87.85.J−

Abstract

In order to improve the bioactivity of porous silicon chemically functionalized by acetylene (PSi–C) and stimulate the calcium-phosphorous (hydroxyapatite) deposition on this material from a simulated body fluid, electrochemical oxidation of the PSi–C templates has been employed. The initial functionalization by acetylene was done at 500 °C in a N2 + C2H2 gas stream of 1:1 ratio for 15 minutes; further electrochemical oxidation was performed in 80% phosphoric acid. The morphology and chemical composition of initial and oxidized porous structures were studied by the high resolution SEM technique and FTIR spectroscopy. Initial chemical functionalization leads to a very stable (practically bio-inert) material that after electrochemical oxidation becomes bioactive. We observed that the hydroxyapatite phase has been homogeneously deposited on the electrochemically oxidized PSi–C material immersed in the SBF of Kokubo formulae at 36.5 °C just after two weeks. The layer of hydroxyapatite grown on the surface after 30 days of immersion was compact, crystalline and as thick as 5 μm. (© 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)