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Keywords:

  • 75.20.En;
  • 75.30.Gw;
  • 75.50.Tt;
  • 75.50.Vv;
  • 75.75.+a

Abstract

Cobalt nanorods and wires were prepared by reduction of a cobalt salt in a liquid polyol. These particles crystallize with the hcp structure and the growth axis is parallel to the crystallographic c-axis. The kinetic control of the growth allows to vary the mean diameter of the rods and their aspect ratio. Dumbbell like shape particles consisting of a central rod with two conical tips were also obtained. Magnetization curves of oriented wires present very high coercivity (up to 9 kOe) resulting from both a high shape anisotropy and the high magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the hcp cobalt. Micromagnetic simulations showed that the magnetization reversal is shape dependent. The conical tips of the dumbbell particles strongly contribute to the coercivity decrease and must be precluded for permanent magnet applications. (© 2009 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)