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Keywords:

  • GaN;
  • LED light extraction;
  • photonic crystal

Abstract

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

The simulation, fabrication and optical characterization of InGaN/GaN MQW-LEDs grown by MOVPE over embedded photonic quasi-crystals (PQCs) are reported. Fully coalesced GaN layers as thin as 140 nm were grown over 1200 nm high air-gap PQCs using an intermittent pulsed/normal growth method. Simulations and angle-resolved photoluminescence measurements reveal there are strong interactions between the embedded PQC and a wide range of trapped modes as well as the dominant low order mode. The interaction with a dominant low order mode is most pronounced when the LED cavity above the embedded PQC has fewer guided modes.

1200 nm high embedded air-gap PQC overgrown with a 280 nm thick coalesced GaN epitaxial layer by MOVPE.