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Self-sufficient minority carrier lifetime in silicon from quasi-steady-state photoluminescence



Quasi-steady-state photoluminescence is a versatile technique to determine carrier lifetime in silicon. A recent approach extracts carrier lifetime without a priori information about dopant concentration [Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 092109 (2010)]. It utilizes the phase shift between a time-modulated optical irradiation and the radiative recombination of a sample, while requiring a minimum of two measurements. The present paper is aimed at a generalization thereof that requires only one measurement. It brings about a substantial experimental simplification, significantly improved accuracy and precision, and it opens up paths to access material properties other than lifetime.