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Direct growth of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes on conducting substrate and its electrochemical performance in ionic liquids

Authors

  • Mohd Asyadi Azam,

    Corresponding author
    1. Engineering Materials Department, Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, University Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), 76100 Melaka, Malaysia
    2. School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi, 923-1292 Ishikawa, Japan
    • Phone: +606 331 6972, Fax: +606 331 6431
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  • Kazuki Isomura,

    1. School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi, 923-1292 Ishikawa, Japan
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  • Akihiko Fujiwara,

    1. Research and Utilization Division, Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo, 679-5198 Hyogo, Japan
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  • Tatsuya Shimoda

    1. School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), 1-1 Asahidai, Nomi, 923-1292 Ishikawa, Japan
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Abstract

We report the fabrication of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotube (VA-SWCNT) electrodes for a symmetric electrochemical capacitor using a simple, low-cost ethanol-based SWCNT growth system. From the CNT direct growth technique, the electrode was easily prepared and consequently assembled with an electrochemically stable ionic liquid as electrolyte. VA-SWCNTs were directly grown on conducting SUS 310S foils in which the binder material was not incorporated in the capacitor structure. The morphology of as-grown CNTs was investigated using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. This capacitor demonstrated a gravimetric capacitance of up to 584 F g−1 (at 1 mV s−1 scan rate) and a high-rate capability, with up to 1000 mV s−1 scan rate being obtained. From the cyclic voltammetric analysis, the capacitance was contributed not only from the ideal double-layer capacitance, but also from faradaic/redox processes that might have occurred during charge–discharge. Other than the capacitance, the VA-SWCNT capacitor electrochemical performance was also measured by using frequency response (electrochemical impedance) and charge–discharge analyses.

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