Intersubband optical absorption coefficients and refractive index changes in a V-groove quantum wire

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Abstract

In this paper, the intersubband optical absorption coefficients and the refractive index changes are studied in a V-groove quantum wire. We use analytical expressions for these properties obtained by the compact-density matrix formalism. In this regard, the linear, nonlinear and total intersubband absorption coefficients and refractive index changes are investigated as a function of the bend width wire (b), the incident optical intensity (I), and the angle θ. According to the results obtained from the present work, it is deduced that: (i) The linear terms in the refractive index changes and absorption coefficients dose not change with incident optical intensity whereas nonlinear terms depend on incident optical intensity; (ii) The total refractive index changes and the absorption coefficients reduce as the incident optical intensity increases; (iii) The total absorption coefficient and refractive index changes increase and also shift toward higher energies as the bend width wire increases; and (iv) The total refractive index changes and absorption coefficients shift toward higher energies as the angle θ increases.

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