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Keywords:

  • inelastic tunnelling;
  • manipulation;
  • scanning tunnelling microscopy;
  • scanning tunnelling spectroscopy

This article reviews manipulation of single molecules by scanning tunnelling microscopes, in particular vertical manipulation, lateral manipulation, and inelastic electron tunnelling (IET) manipulation. For a better understanding of these processes, we shortly review imaging by scanning tunnelling microscopy – as a prerequisite to detect the manipulated species and to verify the result of the manipulation – as well as scanning tunnelling spectroscopy and IET spectroscopy which are used to chemically identify the molecules before and after the manipulation that employs the tunnelling current.