Highly-branched vertically-oriented graphene nanosheets with dense open graphitic edge planes as Pt support for methanol oxidation

Authors

  • Xiuyan Zhang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Erka Wu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dan Hu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Zheng Bo,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    • Corresponding author: e-mail bozh@zju.edu.cn, Phone: +86 571 8795 3290, Fax: +86 571 8795 2438

    Search for more papers by this author
  • Weiguang Zhu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kehan Yu,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Chao Yu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Zhihua Wang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Jianhua Yan,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Kefa Cen

    1. State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Department of Energy Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Vertically-oriented graphene (VG) with predominantly edge plane structure is considered as a promising catalyst support candidate for the methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). Inspired by the fact that catalyst nanoparticles are spontaneously attached to the exposed graphene edges, a novel highly-branched vertically-oriented graphene (HBVG) based catalyst support is proposed in the current work. With employing atmospheric normal glow discharge (ANGD) and microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) methods, HBVG and maze-like VG (MVG) are synthesized on the surface of carbon paper (CP), respectively. Pt nanoparticles are deposited on pristine CP, HBVG-CP, and MVG-CP with the same route of repeated double-potential pulse electrodeposition (RDPE). Experimental results show that HBVG-CP with dense open graphitic edge planes can desirably provide a considerable number of nuclei sites for the fast nucleation and well dispersion of Pt nanoparticles. Meanwhile, a certain amount of oxygen-containing functional groups on the HBVG surface will benefit the rapid removal of CO and accumulated carbonaceous species. Based on the electrochemical measurements on Pt utilization efficiency, catalytic activity, CO tolerance, and long-term stability, Pt/HBVG-CP is demonstrated to be able to present enhanced catalytic performance over the Pt/CP and Pt/MVG-CP counterparts, holding a great potential for fuel cell applications.

Ancillary