• laser spectroscopy;
  • quantum dots;
  • spin dynamics

A comprehensive overview of coherent spin manipulation in (In,Ga)As quantum dots, singly charged with resident electrons or holes, is given, from orientation to rotation of the spins. These operations are performed by excitation of the charged exciton complex with laser pulses. The specifics of the approach is performing the manipulations on dot ensembles, potentially giving robustness to the coherent spin dynamics. In particular, we focus on the spin mode-locking regime, in which the precession of the spins about an external magnetic field is synchronized with the periodic pulsed laser excitation initiating the operations. The periodic excitation protocol introduces a frequency comb through which detrimental effects of the inhomogeneities in the spin system can be avoided.