• AlGaN/GaN;
  • HEMTs;
  • electrical properties;
  • design;
  • contacts;
  • performance


A systematic investigation of recess-ohmic contact by inductively coupled plasma etching using four layers Ti/Al/Ni/Au metal on un-doped AlGaN/GaN HEMT structure with a thin AlN spacer layer grown on silicon substrate were performed. Although the insertion of the thin AlN spacer layer effectively increases the two-dimensional electron gas concentration and electron mobility due to the enhanced 2DEG confinement, it causes much difficulty in forming ohmic contacts. This problem has been resolved by recess-ohmic approach prior to ohmic metalization. Improved HEMT characteristics were demonstrated by this technique. About 17.5% of increase in IDmax and 12.5% of increase in gmmax were observed by recess ohmics. This improved device performance is due to the reduction of Rc, Rd and Rs values by recess-ohmics. From this investigation, we found that recess-ohmics are essential to achieve high performance device characteristics in un-doped AlGaN/GaN HEMTs with AlN spacer layer grown on Si substrate (© 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)