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Keywords:

  • InAs/GaAs;
  • self-assembled quantum dots;
  • stacked quantum dot;
  • semiconductor optical amplifier

Abstract

We have controlled the electronic states of closely-stacked InAs/GaAs quantum dots with a 4.0 nm spacer layer and investigated the optical gain characteristics. With an increase in the stacking-layer number (SLN), the [001] transverse-magnetic (TM) polarization component increases as well as the linear polarization anisotropy in the (001) plane becomes remarkable. These SLN-dependent polarization characteristics result from the valence-band mixing induced by the vertically-coupled electronic states in stacked QDs. We have systematically studied polarized electroluminescence properties of a semiconductor-optical amplifier devise containing 30-stacked InAs/GaAs QDs. The net modal gain was analyzed by using the Hakki-Paoli method. The injection current dependence of the gain spectra shows a state filling effect and a change in the contribution of the TM polarization component. The polarization insensitive gain feature within ±1 dB has been achieved in the low injection current condition. (© 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)