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Keywords:

  • electron spin resonance;
  • photoinduced absorption;
  • fullerenes;
  • C70;
  • carbon;
  • organic solar cells

Abstract

Photoinduced polarons in solid films of polymer:fullerene blends were studied by photoluminescence (PL), photoinduced absorption (PIA) and electron spin resonance (ESR). The donor materials used were P3HT and MEH-PPV. As acceptors we employed PC60BM as reference and various soluble C70-derivates: PC70BM, two different diphenylmethano-[70]fullerene oligoether (C70-DPM-OE) and two dimers, C70–C70 and C60–C70. Blend films containing C70 revealed characteristic spectroscopic signatures not seen with C60. Light-induced ESR showed signals at g ≥ 2.005, assigned to an electron localized on the C70 cage. The formation of C70 radical anions also leads to a subgap PIA band at 0.92 eV, hidden in the spectra of C70-based P3HT and MEH-PPV blends, which allows for more exact studies of charge separated states in conjugated polymer:C70 blends. (© 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)