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Keywords:

  • topological insulators;
  • Bi2Se3;
  • bulk quantum Hall effect;
  • transport

Abstract

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We present a study of the structural and electronic properties of highly doped topological insulator Bi2Se3 single crystals synthesized by the Bridgman method. Lattice structural characterizations by X-ray diffraction, scanning tunneling microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy confirmed the high quality of the as-grown single crystals. The topological surface states in the electronic band structure were directly re- vealed by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Transport measurements showed that the conduction was dominated by the bulk carriers and confirmed a previously observed bulk quantum Hall effect in such highly doped Bi2Se3 samples. We briefly discuss several possible strategies of reducing bulk conductance. (© 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)