Strained graphene as a local probe for plasmon-enhanced Raman scattering by gold nanostructures



We investigate with Raman spectroscopy how gold nanostructures of different shape, size and geometry locally modify a graphene cover layer through strain. The resulting phonon softening translates into frequency downshifts of up to 85 cm–1 for the 2D-mode of graphene. With spatially resolved and excitation dependent Raman measurements we demonstrate that the downshifted Raman peaks exclusively arise from strained graphene subject to plasmonic enhancement by the nanostructures. The signals arise from an area well below the size of the laser spot. They serve as a local probe for the interaction between graphene and intense light fields. (© 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim)