Studies on hepatoprotective, antispasmodic and calcium antagonist activities of the aqueous-methanol extract of Achillea millefolium
Article first published online: 18 APR 2006
Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Volume 20, Issue 7, pages 546–551, July 2006
How to Cite
Yaeesh, S., Jamal, Q., Khan, A.-u. and Gilani, A. H. (2006), Studies on hepatoprotective, antispasmodic and calcium antagonist activities of the aqueous-methanol extract of Achillea millefolium. Phytother. Res., 20: 546–551. doi: 10.1002/ptr.1897
- Issue published online: 26 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 18 APR 2006
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 DEC 2005
- Manuscript Received: 31 JUL 2005
- Pakistan Science Foundation. Grant Number: PSF/R&D/S-AKU/Bio-178
- Achillea millefolium;
- calcium antagonist
The crude extract of Achillea millefolium (Am.Cr) was studied for its possible hepatoprotective effect against d-galactosamine (d-GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced hepatitis in mice and antispasmodic effect in isolated gut preparations to rationalize some of the folklore uses. Co-administration of d-GalN (700 mg/kg) and LPS (25 µg/kg) produced 100% mortality in mice. Pre-treatment of animals with Am.Cr (300 mg/kg) reduced the mortality to 40%. Co-administration of d-GalN (700 mg/kg) and LPS (1 µg/kg) significantly raised the plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels compared with values in the control group (p < 0.05). Pre-treatment of mice with Am.Cr (150–600 mg/kg) significantly prevented the toxins induced rise in plasma ALT and AST (p < 0.05). The hepatoprotective effect of Am.Cr was further verified by histopathology of the liver, which showed improved architecture, absence of parenchymal congestion, decreased cellular swelling and apoptotic cells, compared with the toxin group of animals. In isolated rabbit jejunum preparations, Am.Cr caused a concentration-dependent (0.3–10 mg/mL) relaxation of both spontaneous and K+-induced contractions as well as shifting the Ca++ concentration-response curves (CRCs) to the right, similar to that caused by verapamil. These results indicate that the crude extract of Achillea millefolium exhibits a hepatoprotective effect, which may be partly attributed to its observed calcium channel blocking activity. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.